Caspar David Friedrich

Caspar David Friedrich was a highly significant painter from the 19th century

Friedrich was a German landscape painter heavily involved within the Romanticist art movement and had a long and distinguished career which produced a huge amount of high quality landscape oil paintings. Find Friedrich paintings here. The artist was truly passionate about his landscape work and this dominated his career in a similar way to that of British artists Turner and Constable.

Friedrich frequently depicted individual characters in the foreground overlooking a huge landscape scene which he would find a symbolic gesture as well as helping to add to the feeling of awe to the viewer who would get some sense of perspective. Wanderer above the Sea of Fog is certainly the best example of this approach but there were several other examples too, often using several characters together in the foreground.

Romanticism was an art movement which rose in the 19th century to become a crucial lead up to the later impressionist movement and many of the contributors to it were from Britain and France. Friedrich himself was a German artist who managed to get involved thanks to his exceptional illustrative skills and moody style that was perfectly suited to the Romanticist principles.

The career highlights of Friedrich are all predominantly oil on canvas but he had a great early exposure to all sorts of different media and this was beneficial to his overall development an an artist. His strong illustration skills helped him to build oil paintings upon strong foundations, then adding further detail and colour with bold colour and carefully blended tones.

Friedrich was one of a number of artists to have found support witin Russia whilst perhaps struggling domestically. The artist developed links with several rich Russian families who became interested in his style of painting to the point of buying several art works on regular occasions, helpin the artist to fund his future work and concentrate on continuing in the style that he most enjoyed.

Friedrich did count several artists amongst his friends, with some sharing his studio at various times upon his invitation. Philipp Otto Runge was one interesting connection to Friedrich as he himself was a member of the German Romanticists and as such these two had a particularly large amount in common and could benefit from their discussions on various elements of this painting style which they were both so fond of.

It is a sad thing to consider that Friedrich suffered poor health and social separation towards his final years and it was only the Russian royal family who purchased some of his paintings to enable him to receive better care after suffering a stroke. Within his native Germany his career had deteriorated and Romanticism has become seen as a passing fashion, with little interest in those who had followed in his footsteps.

Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog

Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog is certainly the most famous oil painting from Caspar David Friedrich and came about in 1818, measuring an impressive 94.8 × 74.8 cm. It is now on show at the Kunsthalle Hamburg and is also his most reproduced work by a substantial distance, with occasional viewers quickly seeing the beauty of his landscape scene and finding enjoyment in the detail that is uses with a sea of fog and background mountains.

The paintings of Caspar David Friedrich have become extremely popular as reproductions across the world for the artist's many fans who have grown to love his romanticist landscape art works. The Romanticist art movement itself has grown substantially from originally simple roots as a homegrown movement from the UK and France that later drew in others from across Europe and has now become seen as an inspirational factor that helped to bring about the rise of impressionism.

Monk by Sea

Monk by Sea

Friedrich's career fell out of favour for some years after unfairly being linked to the Nazi Party of Germany who had promoted his career, amongst others, as being from an artist whose style was to be admired. Once people realised that this link was really not from the artist's own choice, and that his style should not have been tained by this fascist regime, his paintings started to regain popularity and now this link is pretty much ignored.

Tree of Crows

Tree of Crows

The early days of Friedrich were involved with fairly standard art media but oils were not really used until later on, once his reputation was starting to build and he became more sure on the type of painter that he was to become. Printmaking with etchings and designs for woodcuts dominated the earliest stages of his artistic development before he moved onto ink, watercolour and sepias and then finally settled on standard oil on canvas.

On Board a Sailing Ship

On Board a Sailing Ship

The Royal Academy in Copenhagen played host to Friedrich for several years in his twenties at a time when he was studying hard as an artist and looking for as many different influences and ideas as possible. Several interesting sketches which he produced here are now on display at the Royal Museum of Fine Arts in Copenhagen. Artist Friedrich certainly still has strong links with several other countries other than just his native Germany.

Woman at the Window

Woman at the Window

Oak in the Snow

Oak in the Snow

Chalk Cliffs of Rugen

Chalk Cliffs of Rugen

Midday

Midday

Wanderer Above the Clouds

Wanderer Above the Clouds

Polar Sea

Polar Sea

Abbey in the Oakwood

Abbey in the Oakwood

Morning in the Riesengebirge

Morning in the Riesengebirge

Winter Landscape with a Church

Winter Landscape with a Church

Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon

Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon

Morning Mist in the Mountains

Morning Mist in the Mountains

Ships in Greifswald Harbor

Ships in Greifswald Harbor

Two Men Looking at the Moon

Two Men Looking at the Moon

Temple of Juno at Agrigento

Temple of Juno at Agrigento

White Cliffs of Ruegen

White Cliffs of Ruegen

Dreamer

Dreamer

Early Snow

Early Snow

Royal School in Meissen

Royal School in Meissen

Riesengebirge

Riesengebirge

Woman at Dawn

Woman at Dawn

List of Famous Caspar David Friedrich Paintings

Please see below for a summarised list of the best Klee paintings that are featured throughout this website.

  • A Walk at Dusk
  • Abbey in the Oakwood
  • Abend
  • Adolf Gottlieb Friedrich Reading
  • Allegory of Profane Music
  • Angels in Adoration
  • At the stadtmauer
  • Autumn
  • Boats in the Harbour at Evening
  • Bohemian Landscape with Mount Milleschauer
  • Cape Arkona
  • Capuchin Friar By The Sea
  • Cementery
  • Cemetery At Dusk
  • Chalk Cliffs on Rügen
  • City at Moonrise
  • Coastal Landscape
  • Coffin and Grave
  • Cross in the Mountains
  • Cross on the Baltic Sea
  • Dolmen by the Sea
  • Dolmen In The Snow
  • Doorway in the Fürstenschule Meissen
  • Drifting Clouds
  • Early Snow
  • Easter Monday
  • Eldena Ruin
  • Evening Landscape with Two Men
  • Evening on the Baltic Sea
  • Fallen Rocks
  • Flat country shank at Greifswalder Bodden
  • Fog in the Elbe Valley
  • Forest in the late autumn
  • Georg Friedrich Kersting. Friedrich's Studio
  • Giant Grave by the Sea
  • Giant mountains
  • Graves of pleased Freiheitskrieger
  • Graveyard under Snow
  • Griefswald in the Moonlight
  • Hill and Ploughed Field near Dresden
  • Hutten's Tomb
  • Idealised Landscape with Waterfall
  • Landscape In The Riesengebirge
  • Largeness
  • Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon
  • Meadows near Greifswald
  • Meadows with grab forest
  • Midday
  • Monastery Graveyard In The Snow
  • Monk by the Sea
  • Monk on the Seashore
  • Moonrise by the Sea
  • Morning
  • Morning fog in mountains
  • Morning in the Riesengebirge
  • Mother Heiden
  • Mountain Landscape with Rainbow
  • Mountain Peak with Drifting Clouds
  • Mountainous River Landscape
  • Neubrandenburg in Flames
  • Nordic Landscape, Spring
  • Northern Sea in the Moonlight
  • Oak in the Snow
  • Oak Tree in the Snow
  • On the Sailing Boat
  • On the Segler
  • Picture in Remembrance of Johann Emanuel Bermer
  • Pilgrimage at Sunset
  • Pine Thicket
  • Polar sea
  • Port by Moonlight
  • Rainbow
  • Riesengebirge
  • Rock Arch in the Uttewalder Grund
  • Rocky Ravine
  • Rocky Reef on the Sea Shore
  • Sea beach in the fog
  • Seashore with Shipwreck by Moonlight
  • Self Portrait
  • Ship on the River Elbe in the Early Morning Mist
  • Ships at Anchar
  • Ships in the port of grab forest
  • Skeletons in a Cave with Stalacties
  • Snow-covered hut
  • Spring
  • Summer
  • Sunrise over the Sea
  • Sunset (Brothers)
  • Swans in the reed with first morning-red
  • Temple in Agrient
  • The Abbey in the Oakwood
  • The Cathedral
  • The Cemetery Entrance
  • The Chalk Cliffs on Rügen
  • The Chasseur in the Forest
  • The Cross in front of a Rainbow in the Mountains
  • The Cross in the Forest
  • The Cross in the Mountains
  • The Cross on the Baltic
  • The Cross on the Mountain, Kunstmuseum at Dusseldorf
  • The Difference between the true religion of Christ and the false idolatrous teac
  • The Dreamer
  • The Garden Terrace
  • The Grosse Gehege near Dresden
  • The life stages
  • The Marketplace in Greifswald
  • The Moon Rising over the Sea
  • The morning
  • The Oaktree in the Snow
  • The Polar Sea
  • The Riesengebirge
  • The Romantic Reader
  • The Ruins Of Eldena
  • The Sea of Ice
  • The Sisters on the Balcony
  • The Source of the River Elbe
  • The Stages of Life
  • The summer
  • The Tree of Crows
  • The Wanderer above the Mists
  • The Watzmann
  • The Woman with the Cobweb
  • The Woman with the Raven at the Abyss
  • Trees in the moonlight
  • Two men at Moonrise
  • Two Men by the Sea at Moonrise
  • Two Men Contemplating the Moon
  • View from the Painter's Studio
  • View of a Harbour
  • View of the Baltic
  • Village Landscape in Morning Light
  • Vision of the Christian Church
  • Wanderer above the Sea of Fog
  • Watching the church
  • Window and Garden
  • Winter Landscape with Church
  • Woman at a Window
  • Woman before the Rising Sun
  • Woman on the Beach of Rugen
  • Woman with Candlestick
  • Wreck in the Moonlight
  • Wreck in the polar sea
  • Wreck in the Sea of Ice
  • Wreck of the Hope